广东11选5

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广东11选5DIZHI:HENANSHENGNANYANGSHIFANGCHENGXIANNANSHIQIGONGLICHUPINGGAOTAI

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广东11选5WANGZHI:immedr.com


蛋鸡规模化养殖生态放养技术

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蛋鸡规模化养殖生态放养技术

发布日期:2020-02-18 15:56 来源:http://immedr.com 点击:

广东11选51、DANJIGUIMOHUASHENGTAIFANGYANGDEYIYI

随着人民生活水平的提高,消费者对禽产品的质量提出了更高的要求。在普通柴鸡蛋供过于求的情况下,普通产品“狭路碰撞”,价格低迷,出现了增产不增收的境况,而放养鸡鸡蛋“柳暗花明”,以高于普通鸡蛋一倍的价格,备受广大消费者欢迎,成为柴鸡蛋新的消费增长点。在农田、林地、草场等放养场所,空气清新,阳光充足,场地广阔,鸡只可自由觅食,而且改善体质,增强抗病力,减少药物使用。尤其是山区的草场草坡有沟渠、林地的隔离以及大山的天然屏障作用,可阻断传染病的传播。夏秋季节,鸡自由觅食植物性饲料(籽实、嫩草等)和动物性饲料(蝗虫、蚯蚓等),适量补料即可满足其营养需要,可节省20%~30%的饲料,且昆虫及软体动物体内含有抗菌肽,提高其抗病力。放养鸡养殖密度小,排泄物可被植物吸收利用,培植、改良了土壤。放养鸡舍及配套设施建设投资较小,适合于农村劳动力资源多、经济欠发达的山区、丘陵地区。利用林地、农田、草场放养鸡,可实现立体种养,成为农林牧结合的新型生态产业,具有广阔的发展前景。

广东11选52、CHAIJIDANJIGUIMOHUASHENGTAIFANGYANGXIANZHUANGJICUNZAIDEWENTI

SHENGTAIFANGYANGJIYIYINQIGUOWAIYIXIEGUOJIADEZHONGSHI,MEIGUO、JIANADACAIYONGQUANYANGYUFANGYANGJIEHEFANGSHI,SHIXIANLEWEILIAO、JIDANZIDONGHUA。ZAIGUONEI,HEBEI、HENAN、ANHUIDENGDILIYONGHUANGSHAN、LINDIKAIZHANLEFANGYANGDANGDITUJIDEYANJIU,TICHUPENGSHEJIANSHE,WEILANFANGZHISHOUHAI,HUAQULUNMU,KAIFAHUAIYE、SONGZHENFENSILIAOZIYUAN,YANGQIUYIN、YUCHONGWEIJIDENGJI,CHUANGJIANLEYIPIJUYOUDIFANGTESESHENGTAIYANGZHIMOSHI。DANCIXIANGJISHUSHEJIMIANGUANG,ZHUDUOJISHUSHANGWEICHENGSHU,RENGXUBUDUANTANSUO。

广东11选5MUQIAN,WULUNSHIGUONEIHAISHIGUOWAI,DANJIGUIMOHUALONGYANGRENGSHISHENGCHANJIDANDEZHULIU。YINDIZHIYIKAIZHANGUIMOHUASHENGTAIFANGYANGJI,TANSUOXINXINGYANGZHIMOSHI,SHANGYOUZHUDUOWENTIXUYAOYANJIU、JIEJUE。

2.1SHIYIFANGYANGJIZHONGDEYOUXUAN

GUONEIXUDUOYOULIANGDEDIFANGJIZHONG,YIJIGUOWAIYINJIN、GUONEIPEIYUDEPEITAOXIJUNKEFANGYANG。DANYEWAIHUANJINGBIANHUADA,XUANZESHIYINGXINGGUANG、KANGBINGLIQIANGDEJIZHONGZHIGUANZHONGYAO。TONGSHIYINGKAOLVCHANDANLIANG、JIDANPINZHI、SHICHANGXUQIU、TAOTAIJIJIAGEDENG。

2.2SHESHIJIANSHE

广东11选5JIAODADEJIQUNFANGYANGZAIHUWAI,XUTIGONGQIXIPENGSHEJIBULIAO、YINSHUIDENGDEPEITAOSHESHI。MUQIAN,SHANGWUCHENGSHUPENGSHEJIANSHEFANGAN;BULIAOSHESHIZEDUOCAIYONGROUJIDESULIAOTONG,YILAOHUASUNHUAI,XUYINDIZHIYIYANFAJINGJISHIYONGDEPEITAOSHESHI。

2.3KEXUEBUSI

广东11选5WOGUODIYULIAOKUO,NANBEIFANGWENDUHEZHIBEIJIEGOULEIXINGCHAYIDA。BEIFANGXIA、QIUJIYEWAIYOUQINGCAO、KUNCHONG、ZISHIDENGKEGONGJIMISHI,DONGJIZEWU。JISHIZAIXIAQIUJIYEYINGDUIFANGYANGJISHI

LIANGBUSI。ERDUIBUTONGJIJIE、SHENGCHANJIEDUANDUIFANGYANGJIBUSILIANG、SILIAOPEIBI、BUSISHIJIANJICISHUDENGYANJIU,SHANGBUXITONG。

2.4GUIFANGUANLI

FANGYANGJIBUTONGYUCHUANTONGDESANYANGJI,GUIMODA、CHANPINZHILIANGYAOQIUGAO,GESHENGCHANJIEDUAN、JIJIEGUANLITEDIANBUTONG,PEITAOGUANLIJISHUSHANGDAIYANJIUHEWANSHAN。

2.5JIBINGFANGKONG

广东11选5FANGYANGDIGUANGKUO,BUYICHEDIXIAODU,JISHENGCHONGBINGDEGANRANJIHUIDUO,XUZHENDUIXINGDIZHIDINGMIANYICHENGXUHEZONGHEFANGKONGCUOSHI。

2.6CHANXIAOMOSHI

SHENGTAIFANGYANGYOUMINGXIANDEJIJIEXING。RUHEGENJUJIJIE、SHICHANGXUQIU、DIQUJIANJIAGECHAYIYOUXIAOZUZHISHENGCHANHEXIAOSHOU,XUYAORENZHENTANSUO。

3DANJIGUIMOHUASHENGTAIFANGYANGGUANJIANJISHUYANJIU

3.1SHIYIFANGYANGJIZHONGYOUXUANJISHU

GENJUFANGYANGCHANGDILEIXING、JIDECHANDANXINGNENGJIDANPINZHI,BINGJIEHESHICHANGXUQIUQUEDINGSHIYIFANGYANGPINZHONG。XUANZEYUANZE:SHIYINGXINGGUANG、MISHIXINGQIANG;CHANDANLIANGGAO;TIXINGPIANXIAO;JIDAN、TAOTAIJICHANGXIAO。ZAIXIANGUOGUOYUAN(LI、ZAO、JU)FANGYANGSHI,WEIFANGZHIJIPANSHUZHUOSHIGUOSHI,YINGXUANTUIDUAN、FEIXIANGNENGLICHADE“NONGDA3HAO”、BEIJINGYOUJIHEWUJI;ZAILINDI、GUOYUAN(GANGUO)、CAOCHANGJICAOSHANCAOPOFANGYANGSHI,XUANZEBENDIJIZHONG、GUONEIJIGUOWAIPEITAOXIJIZHONG。

3.2CHANGZHIXUANZE

3.2.1CHANGZHIJIBENTIAOJIAN

FUHEWUGONGHAISHIPINCHANDIHUANJINGZHILIANGBIAOZHUNYAOQIU;PODUXIAOYU45℃;FANGYANGCHANGDIMIANJISHIFANGYANGGUIMOERDING,YIBAN1000ZHIJIBUSHAOYU1.33GONGQING;ZHOUWEIYOULINDI、GOUQU、SHANDENGTIANRANPINGZHANG;FANGYANGCHANGYOUKESHIDESILIAOZIYUAN。

3.2.2BUTONGCHANGZHIXUANZE

①RENGONGCAOCHANG。ZHUYAOZHONGZHIDOUKEMUCAO,JINGYEDANBAIZHIHANLIANGGAO,YINGYANGFENGFU,JIXISHI。PEIHEDENGGUANG、JISUDENGYOUCHONGJISHU,KEDAFUDUJIANGDICAOCHANGCHONGHAIDEFASHENGLV。XUANZEDECAOCHANGDISHIGAOZAO,YISHARANGTUWEIYI。CAOCHANGZHONGYAOYOUSHUMU,WEIJIQUNTIGONGZHEYINHUOBIYUCHANGSUO,RUOWUSHUMUZEXUDASHEZHEYINPENG。

②GUOYUAN。YIGANGUO、ZHUGANLVEGAODEGUOSHUYUANWEIJIA,QIEYAOQIUPAISHUILIANGHAO。BEIFANGXUANHETAOYUAN、LISHUYUANHESANGSHUYUANZUIJIA,GUOSHUZHUGANJIAOGAO,JIEGUOBUWEIGAO,JIBUYIZHUOSHI。ZAIPINGGUOYUAN、LIYUAN、ZAOYUAN、TAOYUANFANGYANGJI,FANGYANGQIYINGBIKAIYONGYAOHECAISHOUQI,YIJIANSHAOYAOHAIYIJIJIDUIGUOSHIDEZHUOSHI。

广东11选5③NONGTIAN。XUANZEYUMI、GAOLIANG、XIANGRIKUIDENGGAOGANZUOWUDEDIKUAI,ZUOWUDESHENGZHANGQIZAI90dYISHANG,ZHOUWEIYONGWEIWANGGELI。ZHUYICUOKAIMIAOQI,DAIZUOWUZHANGDAO1mGAOSHIZAIFANGYANG。

④LINJIANXIDI。XUANZESHUGUANJIAOXIAO、SHUMUXISHU、PAISHUILIANGHAODEQUYU,QIETONGFENGLIANGHAO,DIBIAOGANZAO,JINENGZIYOUMISHI、HUODONGHERIYU。TUZHIYISHARANGWEIJIA,RUOSHINIANZHITURANG,ZAIFANGYANGQUYINGSHELIYIKUAISHADI,RANGJISHAYU。JISHEJIANZAIYANGPOHUODISHIJIAOGAOQUYU。SHUJIANZHONGZHIMUXUDENGDOUKEMUCAO。

3.3SHESHIJIANSHEJISHU

广东11选5WAIJIEHUANJINGBIANHUADA,JIEHEFANGYANGJIDESHENGHUOXIXINGTEDIAN,WEIJITIGONGYIGESHIYIQIXI、CHANDANHUANJING,ZUZHUANGJINGJISHIYONGDEBUSI、YINSHUISHEBEI,PEITAOYOUCHONG、FANGSHOUHAIDENGSHESHI。

3.3.1PENGSHEJIANSHE

ZONGTIYAOQIUJIENENG、HUANBAO,BIANYUGUANLI。CHANGCAIYONGSUGANGBAN、ZHUANWAJIEGOU,YEKEJIUDIQUCAI,YONGMULIAO、ZHUGANDAJIAN。PENGSHEZUOBEICHAONAN,BULIEJUNYUN,JIANGE200~300m。PENGSHEZHANG8~10m,KUAN3.5~4m,GAO2~2.5m;MEIDONGJISHE(PENG)KEYANG400~500ZHIQINGNIANJIHUO300~400ZHICHANDANJI。SHENEISHEZHI“A”XINGQIJIA,MEIZHIJISUOZHANQIJIADEWEIZHIWEI17~20cm;MEI3~4ZHIMUJIPEIZHI1GECHANDANWO,ANJINGBIGUANG,WONEIFANGMAIJIE、JUMOHUODAOQIAODENGDIANLIAO。

3.3.2YINSHUI、BULIAOSHESHI

SHEJIBINGANZHUANGJINGJISHIYONGDEZIDONGYINSHUIHEBULIAOPEITAOSHESHI。

广东11选5ZIDONGYINSHUIZHUANGZHIYOUZHUSHUITONG、SHUICAO、JIASHUIGUAN、ZHUSHUIGUAN、JINQIGUANJIFAMENZUCHENG。ZHUSHUITONGRONGLIANGWEI200L,KEGONG500ZHIJIYITIANDEYINSHUILIANG。ZIDONGGONGLIAOZHUANGZHIYONG1.2mmHOUDUXINJINSHUBANZHIZUO,SHEZHEYUMAO,BINGFANGZHIJITIAODAOCAOZHONGBAOLIAO,ZHIJING65cm,GAO20cm。DIZUOSHILIAOCAOBUFEN,ZHIJING55cm,GAO13cm。LIAOTONGZHIJING35cm,GAO54.34cm。LIAOCAONEIKUANDU10cm。

3.3.3YOUCHONGSHEBEI

JIANGHEIGUANGDENGHUOGAOYAMIEEDENGXUANGUAYUJUDIMIAN3.5~4mGAODEWEIZHI,BANGWANKAIDENG2~3hYOUCHONG。

3.3.4QITASHESHI

FANGYANGQUZHOUBIANSHEZHI1.5~2mGAODETIESIWANGHUONILONGWANGWEILAN,FANGZHISHOUHAI,BIMIANJIDIUSHI。

广东11选53.4FANGYANGJIHUODONGGUILVJISHIYIMIDU

BUTONGSIYANGMIDUTIAOJIANXIA,JIDEHUODONGBANJINGBUTONG[4]。

广东11选5SUIZHESIYANGMIDUDEZENGJIA,JIDEHUODONGBANJINGZHUJIANZENGJIA,DAN80%YISHANGDEJIHUODONGBANJINGZAI100mYINEI。JIDEYIBANHUODONGBANJINGHEZUIDAHUODONGBANJINGYUFANGYANGCHANGZHIBEIHEDISHIYOUGUAN。ZHIBEIHAODESHANCHANG,JIDEHUODONGBANJINGJIAOXIAO,ERTUIHUASHANCHANG,KESHIMUCAOJIAOSHAO,ZHIBEIFUGAILVJIAODI,JIDEHUODONGBANJINGZENGDA;ZAIPINGTANDEDIKUAI,JIDEHUODONGBANJINGZUIDA;ERGAO

DIBUPINGDEDIKUAI,WULUNXIAXINGHAISHIWANGSHANGPANXING,JIDEHUODONGBANJINGJUNSUOXIAO;HUODONGBANJINGHAIYUJISHEMENKOUWEIZHI、CHAOXIANG、BULIAOHEGUANLIYOUGUAN。YIBANWANGJISHEMENKOUFANGXIANGQIANXINGDEBAN

JINGDA,BEILIMENKOUFANGXIANGDEBANJINGXIAO;DALIANGBUCHONGSILIAOHUISHIJICHANSHENGYILAIXING,QIHUODONGBANJINGSUOXIAO;JINGGUODIAOJIAOHOU,YIBANHUODONGBANJINGZENGDA,DUIZUIDAHUODONGBANJINGMEIYOUMINGXIANYINGXIANG。YILINCAOQINPINGHENGWEIYIJU,QUEDINGSHIYIFANGYANGMIDU:50~80RILINGJIEDUANSIYANG600~1200ZHI/GONGQING;80RILINGYISHANGSIYANG450~600ZHI/GONGQINGWEIYI。RENGONGCAOCHANGDEFANGYANGCHANGDIMIDUKESHIDANGZENGJIA,BINGGENJUZHIBEIQINGKUANGSHIDANGDIAOZHENG。

广东11选53.5DANJIGUIMOHUASHENGTAIFANGYANGBUSIJISHU

YUCHUQIZAIYUCHUSHENEIJINXING,CANKAOGAIJIZHONGSIYANGBIAOZHUN。FANGYANGQIZAIYEWAI,JICAISHI、BENPAO,XIAOHAOJIAODUODENENGLIANG,YINCI,NENGLIANGSHUIPINGYAOGAOYULONGYANGJI(5%~10%)。XIA

JIKEHUODEJIAODUODEQINGLVSILIAO,DANDONGJIYINGZHUYIQINGLVSILIAOJIWEISHENGSUDEBUCHONG,QITAYINGYANGYULONGYANGJIXIANGDANG[7]。FANGYANGJICHANDANLVYAOBILONGYANGJIDI10%~15%,YINCI,SHIDANGJIANGDIGAIHELINSHUIPING。QINGNIANJIZAOWAN(FANGJIQIANJIGUICHAOHOU)BULIAO,XIAJIBULIAOLIANGSHIZHIBEIJICAISHIQINGKUANGZAIGAIJIZHONGSIYANGBIAOZHUNJIANSHAO15%~20%,DONGJIANGAIJIZHONGSIYANGBIAOZHUNZHIXING;CHANDANJIZAO、ZHONG、WANBULIAO,XIAJIBULIAOLIANGSHIZHIBEIJICAISHIQINGKUANGZAIGAIJIZHONGSIYANGBIAOZHUNJIANSHAO5%~10%,DONGJIZAIGAIJIZHONGSIYANGBIAOZHUNZENGJIA5%~10%。

广东11选53.6FANGYANGJIDEFABINGTEDIANJIZONGHEFANGZHICUOSHI

广东11选5FANGYANGJIYINQISUOCHUHUANJINGDETESHUXING,SHENEI、FANGYANGCHANGDIXIAODUBUCHEDI,JIFENYIWURANYINSHUI、TUDI,SHIDECHONGLUAN“JIELICHUANRAN”。YOUQIZAIDUOYUJIJIE,YUNDONGCHANGCHAOSHI,HUIJIAKUAIQIUCHONGBINGCHUANBO[8]。WEISHENGTIAOJIANCHA,YIJISHENGYUSHI;WENYINGDINGYAO,YIFASHENGJIDOU。JIJIECHUWURANDESILIAO、YINSHUI、YONGJUDENG,YIJISHOUWAIJIEYINGJIYINSUYINGXIANG,YIGANRANHUOBINGFADACHANGGANJUNBING[9]。

GENJUFANGYANGJIDEFABINGGUILV,ZHIDINGKEXUEDEFANGYICHENGXU;CAIQU“QUANJINQUANCHU”DESIYANGFANGSHI,HUAQULUNMU[6]。ZAIYUANLIFANGYANGQUXIAFENGCHUSHEJIFENJIZHONGCHULICHANG,WEIFANGJIBAOSHI,YONGWANGWEIYUFANGYANGQUGEKAI。FANGZHIYUSHUICHONGLINFENBIANZAOCHENGERCIWURAN,ZHUFENCHIHUOZHUFENGOUSHANGDAJIANZHEYUPENG。MEITIANJIANGQINGCHUDEJIFENBANRUSHILIANGJIEGANFEN、YANYANGFAJIAOJUNZHONG,

JIAOBANJUNYUNHOUTIANRUFAJIAOCHI。JING1~2GEYUEGAOWENFAJIAO,NENGYOUXIAOSHASIFENZHONGDEBINGYUANJUN、JISHENGCHONGLUAN、YINGQU、ZACAOZHONGZIDENG。BEIFANGDIQU,DONGJIWAIJIEWENDUDI,JIAGAISU

LIAOBOMOZENGWENCUFAJIAO。

3.7BIAOZHUNHUASHENGCHANJISHU

《FANGYANGJICHANGJIANSHEGUIFAN》、《CHAIJISIYANGGUANLIGUICHENG》、《FANGYANGJISHOUYIFANGYIJISHUGUIFAN》DENGDIFANGBIAOZHUNGUIFANLECHANGZHIXUANZE、GUIHUABUJU、JISHEJIANZHU、PEITAOSHESHIJIANSHE、YINZHONG、SIYANGTIAOJIAN、CHUJIDESIYANGGUANLI、FANGYANGJIDEGUANLI、FANGYIYUXIAODU、BINGSIJICHULI、ZILIAOJILUDENGJISHU,ZHEIXIEBIAOZHUNWEIFANGYANGJIBIAOZHUNHUASHENGCHANTIGONGLEJISHUBAOZHANG。

广东11选54DANJIGUIMOHUASHENGTAIYANGZHIYEZHANWANG

WOGUOXINAN、XIBEIBUQIULING、SHANQU,YOUGUANGKUODETUDIZIYUAN,SHENGTAIHUANJINGHAO、WUWURAN,SHIHEFAZHANDANJISHENGTAIFANGYANG;YIXIEPINGYUANNONGQUYEJUBEIFAZHANDANJISHENGTAIFANGYANGDETIAO

JIAN。LIYONGLINDI、CAOCHANG、GUOYUAN、NONGTIANDENGZIYUANYINDIZHIYIFAZHANFANGYANGJI,BINGTONGGUOKEXUESIYANGGUANLIHEANQUANBAOJIANCUOSHIDENG,SHIXIANBIAOZHUNHUASHENGCHAN,JIDANDADAOLVSESHIPINNAIZHIYOUJISHIPINBIAOZHUN。TONGSHI,TONGGUOFANGYANGJIKONGZHIZHIWUCHONGHAIHECAOHAI、JIANSHAOHUODUJUEYAOWUDESHIYONG,JIFENHAITIANTIGAOTURANGFEILI,SHIXIANJINGJIXIAOYI、SHENGTAIXIAOYI、SHEHUIXIAOYIDEGAODUTONGYI。ZHEISHIYIZHONGNONGLINMUJIEHEDEXINXINGSHENGTAICHANYE,JUYOUGUANGKUODESHICHANGQIANJING。


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